The inappropriate and excessive use of technology has negative effects on both physical and mental health, leading to the so-called technopathy or technological diseases
That is why it is necessary to know the risks involved, to prevent subsequent negative effects on both our health and that of our children. It is important to highlight that while children are young, we must regulate them while they learn to regulate themselves, in this way we generate good habits and self-care behaviors.
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It is well known that everything in excess ends up being harmful and if the excess is accompanied by improper use, even worse. Recent studies show alarming figures on technology users' harmful effects on hearing, vision, and behavior.
Effects on hearing
According to the WHO, (World Health Organization) it is estimated that more than 430 million people of all ages suffer from hearing loss. The effects of listening to music for prolonged periods with headphones and at high volumes generate hearing loss or premature deafness since the BPM (beats per minute) can cause it and the more BPM a song has, the greater the probability of hearing loss.
Spending too many hours in front of a screen, be it a cell phone, tablet, or computer generates eye strain or intraocular pressure (IOP), which leads to a decrease or loss of vision that manifests itself through redness, blurred vision, visual dryness and can even cause nausea and high eye pressure that leads to glaucoma and long-term blindness.
Effects on the nervous system
The electromagnetic fields that technological devices emit cause diseases such as vertigo, brain tumors, memory loss, sleep disorders, alterations in sugar concentration levels in the cerebrospinal fluid, breast cancer, and impact on the production of sperm and sterility.
1. Inflammation of the hands and the appearance of red spots, called Palmar Nedrinitis occurs after excessive use of the mouse, cell phone keyboard, or video game controls.
Palmar nedrinitis, more commonly known as Thumb Antigadgets, generates swelling, pain at the base of the thumbs, inflammation, and stiff fingers that present with difficulty bending them, mainly when waking up. This disease is caused by excessive writing on computers and mobile phones. To avoid this effect, using the voice writing tool and taking active breaks with hand stretching exercises is recommended.
2. Damage to the lower back generates muscle pain and bone pain and can degenerate into scoliosis, caused by poor posture when sitting down to use laptops. Likewise, with the use of mobile devices, malformations are generated in the spine at the cervical level.
3. Overweight and obesity
The sedentary lifestyle that generates the use of electronic devices, mainly video game consoles, drives the consumption of fast and industrial foods that cause an increase in weight with cardiovascular risks. Although this practice, carried out healthily, develops reflexes, logical reasoning, and psychomotor skills, it is also true that low physical activity promotes the deterioration of social skills.
Effects on mental health.
1. Addiction to new technologies generates serious behavioral problems that develop mental illnesses such as anxiety, withdrawal syndrome, depression, attention deficit, and oppositional defiant disorder.
2. On the other hand, according to the Spanish Neuropsychiatrist Marian Rojas, the overstimulation of the prefrontal cortex with light and sound generated by mobile devices causes loss of attention and concentration, loss of decision-making capacity, determination, and management of will and impulsiveness. The immediacy and instant gratification generated using screens generate dopamine, which is the hormone of addictions, accustoming users to keep their attention on the screens in search of acceptance and immediate gratification and which generates a low tolerance for frustration.
3. dissociative identity disorder (DID). It generates difficulty to distinguish between reality and virtuality. It occurs more frequently among women and is a psychopathy characterized by multiple personalities. He has memory lapses and social relationship problems.
4. Sleep disorder called “technological insomnia”, which is generated by the luminescence of screens before sleeping, which causes overstimulation in the brain. This phenomenon of technological insomnia is called "vamping" and generally occurs in adolescents and those who practice it are called "phombies".
5. Virtual addiction. It generates dependence on social networks, chats, and games and alters the normal performance of daily life in the school, work, family, and social spheres, it is called "Internet Addictive Disorder (DAI)".
In conclusion, the call is to regulate ourselves and the use of technology to avoid affecting our physical, mental, and emotional health.
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